"The groundwork of all happiness is health." - Leigh Hunt

Extreme heat: Stay protected if you may have health problems

It's only July, yet parts of the U.S. are already experiencing heat waves this summer. And dangerous, sometimes deadly heat waves have gotten increasingly common around the globe.

Heat combined with humidity – or simply high temperatures – could make it difficult to your body to chill down sufficiently, especially if you may have a chronic health condition resembling asthma, heart disease, or diabetes. . Here's what you'll want to know.

What health conditions require special attention when the warmth rises?

Most of us know someone who's in danger from extreme heat. Older people, and any medication that affects the body's ability to retain water, resembling diuretics, could also be at greater risk of warmth illness. If you may have any of the next conditions, it will be significant to watch out during today. Heat index is high.

  • Heart disease: Heat can increase the danger of heart attacks, heart rhythm disturbances and heart failure.
  • Asthma: Anyone with asthma, especially children, may find it harder to breathe on hot days. Some evidence suggests that inhalers stored in extreme heat may not work as well, possibly allotting lower than the complete dose of medication.
  • Lung conditions: Heat can irritate the lungs. flare up For adults who smoke, or have asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)—even for many who spend most of their time indoors. The heat also increases the danger of ozone air pollution and dehydration, each of which may make respiration difficult.
  • Mental health: There is robust evidence for more examples of suicide, Homicide, and violent crime on extremely hot days. Heat may also affect the severity of symptoms in individuals with mood disorders and schizophrenia.
  • Diabetes: People who've type 1 or type 2 diabetes include a Difficulty regulating body temperature and blood glucose when it gets hot. Extreme heat may also damage insulin, insulin pumps and glucose monitors.
  • Pregnancy: High temperatures and air pollution can increase the danger of stillbirth. too early or with a Low birth weight.

How does extreme heat affect the body?

During extreme heat one can experience an imbalance of essential minerals within the blood referred to as electrolytes. But this is very true for individuals with diabetes, heart disease or abnormal kidney function. When this happens, an individual may feel drained, nauseous, or have a headache.

In extreme cases, a heart attack, irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia), or problems with other organs can occur. Data from tens of millions of individuals enrolled in Medicare show that hospitalizations during heat waves lasting two or more days are sometimes the cause. Heatstroke, sunstroke, fluid and electrolyte imbalance, and acute renal failure. Among older adults, a better risk for hospitalization remained. For five days after the hottest day.

Implement the cooling plan.

Keep it easy: learn. Prevent, accommodate and treat heat-related illness., advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. At present, we wouldn't have enough evidence to recommend measures resembling changing medication regimens, or staying indoors at one temperature and never one other. Talk to your doctor about your condition, and take steps to administer your health when it's hot outside.

  • Make a plan to remain cool at home or visit a neighborhood cooling center. If you may have a chronic health problem or take multiple medications, don't wait for a heat alert before taking motion. Your personal risk of warmth illness may increase. Heat warnings are often called when the temperature drops below.or sometimes when heat warnings don't occur in any respect.
  • Check the weather forecast very first thing within the morning. And concentrate to days which might be warmer than usual where you reside—and particularly how being outside on those days can affect your health. gave The New York Times Maps Zones of dangerous heat and offers heat index forecasts for major cities and locations across the United States.
  • If your symptoms already flare up on days when it's hot outside, You will should be more careful about going out. If you go outside, attempt to stay within the shade. Be aware of the way you're feeling and discover a cool place inside when you feel symptoms coming on.
  • Stay hydrated By drinking water and drinks that replenish electrolytes. Some sports drinks contain electrolytes but May contain too much sugar. This could be a problem for individuals with diabetes, so read labels fastidiously.

The bottom line

Climate change makes it likely that we are going to experience longer and more extreme heat waves. If you may have health conditions, take steps now to guard your health. Talk to your doctor about how the warmth can affect you, and judge on a plan to provide help to stay cool. Being aware of any symptoms you experience and being in tune with them will help.